Copyright. It’s a subject that seems to especially worry beginning writers. They’re sure editors will steal their ideas, their words and their pictures. They plaster everything with copyright notices and/or register everything they do with the copyright office, which is expensive and unnecessary. Editors are not going to steal your work. They’re too busy and deal with too many queries and manuscripts to even consider it.
The basic rule, at least in the U.S., is that as soon as you put your words into tangible form, whether on paper or on the computer, they are yours. You own the copyright. If someone steals your work, you could sue them. For more protection and more money if you should end up in court, you can register your work with the U.S. Copyright Office. For longer works, such as books, you certainly want to do this. But for single essays, articles, stories or poems, you probably don’t need to do that.
But there is some reason for paranoia these days. It’s ridiculously easy to copy things off the Internet, whether they’re words or images. Hit “save as,” give it a name, and there it is on your hard drive. If you just save it for your own education or enjoyment, that’s okay, but if you plan to publish it, in print or online, you’re breaking the law. People do it anyway, many without even realizing it’s wrong, especially in this age of constant sharing on Facebook, Pinterest and other social media sites. Sometimes it’s a compliment; they like your stuff enough to republish it. But they need to ask permission.
A friend recently complained that when we posted photos from our Nye Beach Writers Series events on Facebook, they were not covered unless we added copyright notices. She’s right. Facebook acquires rights to your posts and photos in the same way that a magazine does. You can protect who sees what through your privacy settings, but if you make your posts public, that’s what they are, public.
The same rules apply to blogs, websites, etc. Read the fine print in your privacy settings and put copyright notices on everything. You can type a notice into every post or do what I just did on this WordPress blog. I typed “All content copyright 2014 Sue Fagalde Lick” into the sidebar that always sits at the side of the page. People may still plagiarize, but they have been warned.
How do you know if someone has ripped off your writing or photos? Search for strings of words that are unique to your work. Set up a Google Alert for words and phrases you use often. Also try Copyscape’s free search feature to find plagiarized posts.
Copyright appears to be a simple concept: If you didn’t write those words or take that picture, you can’t use them. But it gets complicated.
Here are some more links to help you sort this stuff out.
Now go write.